Géography and lansdcape
We leave the heights of the Atlas, we tarry on the way of the green palm-grove of the Draa Valley, we reach the large flat and arid lands of the Sahara desert ... and then finally ... if you have the chance to grow a little further (another 60 km by camel or 4 wheeled vehicle) through the sacred oasis you can be reaching the big CHIGAGA dunes rising to 300m.
Here there is more than the eye can see : at sunset waves of dunes are all shades of ocher and gold, generously offered by a "supernatural” nature.
Some, more or less, sedentary nomads still live in tents and are engaged in farming (sheep, goats, camels.) in this Hamada with sparse grassbefore the dunes.
In summer: hot and dry with peak temperature between 45 ° and 50 °c.
In winter: very mild day around 18 degrees and close to 0 ° sometimes at night.
Rain is scarce but it may be violent sometimes. Sandstorms are of all seasons, and if you have the chance to meet the Ajaj (strong sandy wind), you will not you forget it!
It is very much alive in the regions near the desert. Children are born already impregnated with the music that in the tempo of drums rises up every night to the starred heaven.
The Djembe, Darbuka and other Tam-Tam accompany songs about the life of the desert and sometimes push you to dance. From an early age children are introduced to this traditional music and young people spend the greater part of their evenings over tea between conversations and songs that take a particular resonance in the canopy of heaven whose reputation is well-known.
The traditional costumes are still worn at all times. Women are wrapped in cloth Malhfa so often colourful which covers them from head to toe and all men wear a Djellaba in winter and a Gandoura in summer with the famous blue or black or white scarf which protects them from the sun, wind, sand and can have a thousand practical uses but also accentuates the mysterious charm of the man of the desert.
Crafts It makes a great numbers of inhabitants live.
Tamgroute pottery works are famous for their exceptional green colour. A visit of the workshops and their kilns allows us to see the making.
Silver jewelry adorned with agate, turquoise or stone from Mauritania are mostly Berber jewelry.
The rugs are woven by women all over Morocco. They are adorned with different colours and designs depending on the region.
Three techniques are used in their manufacture, weaving, knotting and embroidery. Some Glaoui or Chichaoua rugs manufactured in Marrakech or Ouarzazate has grouped the three techniques, as well as the Royal carpet manufactured in Rabat or Fez. The kilim is woven, it plays on colours more than on drawings that are always geometric. LeTaznakht is woven by Berber women in the High Atlas.
The Akhnif includes the three techniques.
In the desert women weave a carpet which looks drier and flatter. Each rug has its history and its wealth is counted in the number of knotted per square meter.
Morocco-leather goods and the iron works together still represent many craftsmen as well.